Últimas noticias

A continuación se muestran las últimas novedades sobre investigaciones, eventos, actividades y descubrimientos que se llevan a cabo en el Instituto de Productos Naturales y Agrobiología.

Publicaciones recientes

Sensory-directed approach to explore cider typicity: the case of ciders from the Canary Islands (Spain)

Sensory-directed approach to explore cider typicity: the case of ciders from the Canary Islands (Spain)


The main aim of this study is to characterise and identify specific chemo-sensory profiles of ciders from the Canary Islands (Spain).


Commercial samples of Canary ciders were compared to ciders from the Basque Country and Asturias. In total, 18 samples were studied, six for each region. The analysis comprised their sensory profiling and chemical characterisation of their polyphenolic profile, volatile composition, conventional chemical parameters and CIELAB colour coordinates. In parallel, the sensory profile of the samples from the Canary Islands was first compared with their Basque and Asturian counterparts by labelled sorting task. Then, their specific aroma profile was characterised by flash profile. Further quantification of sensory-active compounds was performed by GC–MS and GC-FID to identify the volatile compounds involved in their aroma profile.


Results show that Canary ciders present a specific chemical profile characterised by higher levels of ethanol, and hydroxycinnamic acids, mainly t-ferulic, t-coumaric and neochologenic acids, and lower levels of volatile and total acidity than their Asturian and Basque counterparts. They also present a specific aroma profile characterised by fruity aroma, mainly fruit in syrup and confectionary, and sweet flavours related to their highest levels of vinylphenols formed by transformation of hydroxycinnamic acids.


An integrated strategy to explore the typicity of the currently existing Canary ciders in the market was developed. The results are important in that they will help other regions to identify specific typical chemo-sensory profiles and to promote the creation of certifications supporting regional typicity.

Di Fede, Roberto Salvatore; Gonzalez-Hernandez, Marivel; Parga-Dans, Eva; Alonso-González, Pablo; Fernández-Zurbano, Purificación; Peña del Olmo, María Cristina; Sáenz-Navajas, María-Pilar.

British Food Journal: 1-18 (2024)
Unveiling terroir: evaluating the magnitude of the heterogeneity and its main drivers in the Canary Islands wines

Unveiling terroir: evaluating the magnitude of the heterogeneity and its main drivers in the Canary Islands wines

The Canary Islands are a Spanish archipelago of volcanic origin in the Atlantic Ocean near the Saharan coast. The extensive intricacy and multitude of variables inherent in the Canary Islands winemaking tradition have posed a substantial challenge, preventing comprehensive research on the main factors contributing to the character of local wine, thus, far. This challenge arises from a convergence of factors including the presence of 14 different grape varieties, and radically different climatic, soil and geographic conditions. This investigation sought to start unraveling this complexity by discerning the impacts of various geographical (specifically, island-related) and management factors (namely, organic vs. conventional practices) on soils and wines within the Canary Islands. Additional variables, such as wine type (red and white) and island of origin, were explored and correlated with the chosen management system. Pairs of organic and conventional wine and soil samples, possessing similar characteristics, were systematically collected from each of the seven wine-producing islands in the Canary archipelago. An examination of elemental composition, oenological attributes and fertility parameters was conducted, followed by comprehensive statistical analysis. Among the variables examined, only the island of origin emerged as statistically significant within the sample. Concerning soil fertility, organic samples exhibited elevated levels of organic matter compared to their conventional counterparts. No notable disparities were observed between the two production methods in terms of soil metal composition and other fertility parameters. However, it is noteworthy that four soil samples surpassed the legally permissible limits for Nickel (Ni) and Mercury (Hg), with three of these instances originating from Lanzarote.

Alonso-González, Pablo; Parga-Dans, Eva; Hernández González, María Mercedes; Arribas, Paula; Acosta Dacal, Andrea Carolina; Pérez Luzardo, Octavio.

Cogent Food & Agriculture, 10(1), 2334997: 1-17 (2024)
Genetic legacies of mega-landslides: Cycles of isolation and contact across flank collapses in an oceanic island

Genetic legacies of mega-landslides: Cycles of isolation and contact across flank collapses in an oceanic island

Catastrophic flank collapses are recognized as important drivers of insular biodiversity dynamics, through the disruption of species ranges and subsequent allopatric divergence. However, little empirical data supports this conjecture, with their evolutionary consequences remaining poorly understood. Using genome-wide data within a population genomics and phylogenomics framework, we evaluate how mega-landslides have impacted evolutionary and demographic history within a species complex of weevils (Curculionidae) within the Canary Island of Tenerife. We reveal a complex genomic landscape, within which individuals of single ancestry were sampled in areas characterized by long-term geological stability, relative to the timing of flank collapses. In contrast, individuals of admixed ancestry were almost exclusively sampled within the boundaries of flank collapses. Estimated divergence times among ancestral populations aligned with the timings of mega-landslide events. Our results provide first evidence for a cyclical dynamic of range fragmentation and secondary contact across flank collapse landscapes, with support for a model where this dynamic is mediated by Quaternary climate oscillations. The context within which we reveal climate and topography to interact cyclically through time to shape the geographic structure of genetic variation, together with related recent work, highlights the importance of topoclimatic phenomena as an agent of diversification within insular invertebrates.

Noguerales, Víctor; Arjona, Yurena; García-Olivares, Víctor; Machado, Antonio; López, Heriberto; Patiño, Jairo; Emerson, Brent C. 

Molecular Ecology, e17341: 1-13 (2024)


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